Croatina is a type of autochthonous red grape vine variety with a regular spheroid shape and a thick, tough, turquoise skin; it produces large, conical, elongated bunches that are winged and medium compact. It thrives particularly in Oltrepò Pavese and Piacentino and to a lesser extent in Piedmont and Veneto. It is incorrectly confused with Bonarda Novarese. It has a fairly high yield but one that comes and goes; it prefers deep, ungrafted clay, lime, chalky soil. Its origins date back to the second half of the 1800s. It is mentioned by famous ampelographs like Demaria and Leardi in 1875, Di Rovasenda in an essay dated 1877 and Molon in 1906. Its etymology is connected with Val d’Arda, the valley marking the border between Parma and Piacenza, the area of the Piacenza hills. There is evidence of vines being grown in the area since Roman Times. It is also present in Oltrepò Pavese - Rovescala since the Middle Ages and its good resistance to mildew make it popular throughout Oltrepò and Novarese.


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