Freisa is a typical Piedmont vine variety with a history that dates back at least 500 years. The earliest documentation on this grape variety in fact dates back to the 16th century. The first mention of cartloads of Fresia appears in a Pancalieri toll tariff of 1500. The history of the vine then continues in the 1600s, often mentioned in the plural form of “fresie” or “freise”. In the late 1700s, Count Giuseppe Nuvolone-Pergamo, Director of the Experimental Vegetable Garden of the Reale Società d’Agricoltura of Turin includes it as a high quality Piedmont red grape and provides an ampelography card devoted to “Freisa”. As from the 1800s, important vine scholars mention it in their scientific works. In terms of the area of origin, they believed that Freisa was a particular type of vine, originally from the hills laying between Asti and Turin. In addition to Freisa di Chieri or “Fresietta” which is most commonly grown, another two varieties were mentioned, “freisa grossa” and “freisa pica”. A hard-wearing vine variety, which withstands peronospora well, is mentioned in 1897 as a wine that had “a very happy road” ahead of it.


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